Vocabulary List

Absolute Dating methods that determine age in number of years
Archaeologist a scientist trained to do archaeology
Archaeology the scientific study of material remains of human activity to reconstruct cultures
Archaic the cultural period in Indiana between 8000 B.C. and 750 B.C.
Artifacts objects produced or used by people (spear points, flint chips, pottery, china and glass, gun parts, bricks, food remains)
Associations two or more archaeological items (such as artifacts or features) that occur together
Atl-atl a spear-throwing tool
Catalog a record of collected specimens
Chert  a type of smooth, fine-grained stone that was used for making stone tools
Context understanding how artifacts were deposited
Culture patterns of behavior that human groups invent, learn, and teach
Diagnostic artifacts are described as diagnostic when they are typical of a particular culture
Excavation the careful digging that archaeologists do to collect information by uncovering and recording artifacts, features, and associations
Features material remains that cannot be transported such as fire pits, storage pits, wall foundations, and post holes
Flint same as chert (see above), but refers to a high-quality stone for flaking into tools and other objects
Grid a set of evenly spaced north-south lines that cross a set of evenly spaced east-west lines
Historic existing after written history
Interpretation making a reconstruction or explanation of life in the past
Knapping the flaking of chert, flint, or other stone to shape it into tools or other objects
Mississippian In Indiana, the cultural period between A.D. 1050 and 1650
Mound a man-made hill of earth
Paleo Indian the earliest cultural period in Indiana, existing from 10,000 to 8,000 B.C.
Plaza a central open area within a village
Prehistoric existing before written records
Preservation taking care of something to make sure it is not accidentally or intentionally damaged or destroyed
Projectile Point a pointed object used as the tip of a spear or arrow
Radiocarbon Dating method for determine the age of organic remains
Sherds broken pieces of pottery
Sites places where human activity resulted in features or deposits of artifacts, such as hunting camps, mills, farmsteads, villages, towns, battlefields, etc. 
Spear a weapon having a pointed tip attached to a long handle or shaft
Stockade a defensive wall made from a line of posts
Stratigraphy cultural and geological layers in the ground
Thatch a roof covering made from bundles of grass or straw tied to poles or rafters
Wattle and Daub a method of wall construction
Woodland In Indiana, the cultural period from 750 B.C. to A.D. 1000