Validation of the Attitude-Older Adult and Aging-Visual Analogue Scales (At-O-A)
By Mary Ligon, Katie Ehlman, Gabriele Moriello, Colleen Russo and Kamila Miller
Gerontological educators often seek to address and challenge students’ attitudes toward older adults and the aging process using classroom activities. Simple and practical measures of attitude are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of such activities.
The Attitude Toward Older Adult and Aging-Visual Analogue Scale (At-O-A), consists of two visual analog scales (VASs), the Attitude Toward Older Adults VAS (At-Older Adults-VAS) and the Attitude Toward Aging VAS (At-Aging VAS), which were originally developed to measure potential changes in attitudes toward older adults and the aging process.
The At-O-A is validated through the following methods:
At-Older Adults-VAS: ICC=0.87, 95% CI [.821, .898]
At Aging-VAS: ICC=0.84, 95% CI [.780, .874]
Attitude Toward Older Adults-VAS and the FSA:
*r = -0.50 at time one and r = -0.64 at time two
Attitude Toward Aging-VAS and the AAS:
*r = 0.38 at time one and r = 0.43 for time two.
For details on the At-O-A tool validation process, please refer to article published in Educational Gerontology (2014):
Mary Ligon, Katie Ehlman, Gabriele Moriello, Colleen Russo & Kamila Miller (2013): Validation of the Attitude-Older Adult and Aging-Visual Analogue Scales (At-O-A), Educational Gerontology, DOI: 10.1080/03601277.2013.858467