Essential Steps of Service-Learning
1. Inventory and Investigation
Using social analysis methods, students
- identify a need.
- analyze the underlying problem.
2. Preparation and Planning
With guidance from their teacher, students
- collaborate with community partners.
- develop a plan that encouraged responsibility.
- recognize the integration of service and learning.
- articulate roles and responsibilities of all involved.
- define realistic parameters for implementation.
Through direct service or indirect service or a combination of these approaches, students take action that
- has value, purpose, and meaning.
- uses previously learned and newly acquired academic skills and knowledge.
- Offers unique learning experiences
- has real consequences
- offers a safe environment to learn, make mistakes, and succeed.
- describe what happened.
- examine the difference made.
- place experience in a larger context.
- consider project improvements,
- identify questions.
- receive feedback.
Students show what they have learned by
- reporting to peers, faculty, and/or community members.
- writing articles or letters to local newspapers regarding issues of public concern.
- creating a publication or website that helps others learn from students' experiences.
- making presentations.
- creating displays.
(Adapted from The Complete Guide to Service Learning: Proven, Practical Ways to Engage Students in Civic Responsibility, Academic Curriculum, and Social Action, p. 47)